Joint Civic Defense Fund

This research activity was a review of criminal justice-related developments resulting from the pandemic in March 2020 which indicated a clear global trend towards the introduction of extraordinary law enforcement powers such as:

  • Surveillance to enforce quarantines;
  • Policing powers to enforce public health rules, impose fines and restrict free speech and protests;
  • Increased detention powers; and
  • Removal of judicial oversight of law enforcement and detention; and

An increasing backlash from the civilians who suffer the dual challenges of a loss of livelihood and increasingly repressive actions from the state.